Crochet Abbreviations

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Crochet abbreviations are shortened names for crochet stitches, and they are also used for actions that need to be taken in a pattern. Using abbreviations makes it much easier to write and follow a crochet pattern without having to write out or read out every single word.

Also keep in mind that some designers use there own abbreviations when creating a pattern, and if this should happen always remember to read the designers notes at the beginning of the pattern so that you will fully understand the designers meaning.

When first starting out it may seem difficult to distinguish the abbreviations when reading a pattern, but it does become easier with practice and experience.

Crochet Abbreviations = Descriptions


alt = alternate(ing)

approx = approximately


beg = begin/beginning

bet = between

BL/bk lp = back loop(s)

bo = bobble

BP = back post

BPdc = back post double crochet

BPsc = back post single crochet

BPtr = back post treble crochet


CA = color A

CB = color B

CC = contrasting color

ch(s) = chain(s)

ch- = chain or space previously made

ch-sp = chain space

CL = cluster

cm = centimeters(s)

cont = continue


dc = double crochet

dc2tog = double crochet 2 stitches together

dec = decrease

dtr = double treble


ea = each

est = established


FL = front loop(s)

foll = follow(s)

FP = front post

FPdc = front post double crochet

FPsc = front post single crochet

FPtr = front post treble crochet


g = gram

grp(s) = group(s)


hdc = half double crochet

hk = hook


inc = increase


lk = love knot

lp(s) = loop(s)


m = meter(s)

MC = main color

mm = millimeter(s)


oz = ounce (s)


p = picot

pat(s) or patt(s) = pattern(s)

pc = popcorn

pm = place marker

prev = previous


rem = remaining

rep = repeats

rnd(s) = round(s)

RS = right side


sc = single crochet

sc2tog = single crochet 2 stitches together

sk = skip

sl st = slip stitch

sp(s) = space(s)

st(s) = stitch(es)


tch or t-ch = turning chain

tbl = through back loop

tog = together

tr = treble crochet

trtr = triple treble crochet


WS = wrong side


yd(s) = yard(s)

yo = yarn over

yoh = yarn over hook


[ ] = Repeat instructions within brackets

( ) = Repeat instructions within parenthesis

* * = Repeat instructions within asterisks

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